• To explore family relationships using the visual arts.

Colour is part of our lives. Look at the many ways we can see and understand colour.
• To have children learn about colour theory and its vocabulary.
A sculpture is meant to be seen from all sides and angles.
• To have children learn the basic principles of sculpture.
First Nations peoples often use art and artefacts to tell stories that are important to their communities.
• To have the participants reflect on the meaning of totem poles
   and their history.
• To develop spoken language. To practice public speaking.
• To introduce participants to new art concepts and vocabulary.
• To give participants an opportunity to create art.
• To have them learn and apply elements of art and design.
• To have them experiment with materials, techniques
   and processes.
• To have participants share their art and their opinions
   with others.

A circular arrangement of contiguous spectral hues used in some color systems. Also called a color circle.

An obvious difference between two or more things:
I like the contrast of the white trousers with the black jacket.

Any regularly repeated arrangement, especially a design made from repeated lines, shapes or colors on a surface:
Every snowflake has a different pattern.

The art of forming solid objects that represent a thing, person or idea out of a material such as wood, clay, metal or stone; an object made in this way.
Traditional African art inspired a lot of modern sculpture.

Having or appearing to have three dimensions (length, width and height) and therefore looking real
The picture had a three-dimensional effect.

An object made of pieces fitted together
A work of art made by grouping "found" or unrelated objects.

The act or a mode of arranging something.

A member of one of the races who were living in North America before Europeans arrived.

A group of families who originate from the same family and have the same name.

Naturally existing in a place.
Pertaining to the aboriginal people who live in a particular region.

A very old story or set of stories from ancient times, or the stories, not always true, that people tell about a famous event or person.

Ancestors, members of a person's family who are directly related to that person going back through the ages.

A tall wooden pole on which family crests or totems are carved or hung, originating in the culture of aboriginal peoples on the west coast of Canada.


Preliminary Activity #4a: The Colour Wheel
- Student Handout to print: The Colour Wheel Student Document to print: The Colour Wheel
- Student Handout to print: Family colours Student Document to print: Family colours
- Internet: Colour symbolism and psychology

Preliminary Activity #4b: What kind of sculpture is a totem pole?
- Student Handout to print: What is a Totem Pole? Student Document to print: What is a Totem Pole?

Activity #4: My Family Totem Pole
- Paper inner rolls (toilet paper, plastic wrap, wax paper, aluminum foil,
  wrapping paper, fabric (choose 1)
- Stiff rolled paper to insert into smaller rolls, for added stability
- Masking tape (if using short inner rolls)
- Scissors
- Pencil, eraser, sharpener
- Paint (brushes and/or sponges, water containers, paper towels), markers,
  crayons, oil pastels (in any combination)


Preliminary Activity #4a:
The Colour Wheel

Read: The Colour Wheel Student Document to print: The Colour Wheel
(Student Handout to print)

Group discussion
- What colours do you like? What colours
  does your family like? Why?
- Names of colours: red, orange, yellow,
  green, blue, purple, brown, grey,
  black and white
- Organize colours; colour wheel.
- Discuss primary, secondary,
  complementary and analogous colours
  Colour symbolism:
- Associate colours to feelings, moods,
  weather, people.
       hot and cold
       loud and quiet
       happy and sad
       boy and girl

Your family members’ favourite colour. Ask them.
Family colours Student Document to print: Family colours
(Student Handout to print)

Preliminary Activity #4b:
What kind of sculpture
is a totem pole?

Read text: What is a Totem Pole? Student Document to print: What is a Totem Pole?
(Student Handout to print)

Group discussion
- What are the differences between
   a painting and a sculpture?
- What does 3-dimensional mean?
- What is construction? assemblage?
- What is a totem pole?
- What are they made of?
- Who makes them?
- What are they used for?
- Have you ever seen one?

One of the most interesting things about a family or “house” pole is that the most important figure is put at the bottom, or the base of the pole – not at the top as in European culture. Why do you think that is?

Activity #4:
My Family Totem Pole

We may not be able to make a totem pole that includes all our family members. Usually we choose the people we live with as our immediate family.

   • Use a recycled inner roll.
   • Using a pencil, mark the roll into sections - one for each member of your family.
      With small rolls, use one roll for each family member.
            • Remember the roll is round and not flat.
            • Using a flat piece of paper, demonstrate how the lines join up in the
               back of the head.
   • Colour each section (use light colours so facial features and details added
      later will stand out).
   • Add facial features and details (eyes, ears, nose, mouth, beard, jewelry, etc.) using darker,
      contrasting colours.
   • Add pattern to further define each section.

To make the base solid, roll pieces of stiff paper and put them inside the smaller rolls. For added stability, at the bottom make 4 vertical cuts 1 and 1/2" in length, and open up the pieces to create "feet" for your pole.

Individual rolls can simply be placed one on top of the other.


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