Traditional (cel) animation

Working with his colleague Graeme Ross, Frédéric Back used the traditional animation technique of painting on transparent sheets of cellulose acetate (known in the industry as 'cels') to make Abracadabra Ross was familiar with the method and thus able to assist Back with the colouring. Abracadabra was to be Back's only 'traditional' animated film. "I didn't really like the technique," says Back. "For a long time I had been using cut-outs or other, freer techniques to make films like Inon or The Conquest of Fire."


[Document: P_0911]

[Illustration] Drawing from the film Abracadabra.
Credit: Radio-Canada and Frédéric Back, 1970


[Document: D_1659]

[Illustration] Drawing from the film Inon or The Conquest of Fire.
Credit: Radio-Canada and Frédéric Back, 1972