Salzburg: Mozart’s birthplace
Salzburg is without a doubt one of Austria’s most beautiful cities. Founded in the late 7th century, for a long time Salzburg was an archbishopric: a city-state governed by prince-archbishops. The salt industry ensured the city’s continued prosperity… and its name, which means ‘salt town.’ Celebrated for its charm, Salzburg boasts many noteworthy architectural monuments, like its Cathedral (dedicated to St. Rupert) , which dates back to 774; the Baroque-period Nonnberg Abbey, a Benedictine monastery; and the 11th-century Hohensalzburg Castle, which overlooks the town and is Europe’s largest fortification. Salzburg is also the birthplace of Mozart, whose house has become a pilgrimage site.