[Document média: C_0959]
Illustration

A tattooed woman. Inuit women often underwent painful tattooing in the belief that they would not find peace in the afterlife without tattoos.

Credit: Atelier Frédéric Back, dry pastel on paper, coloured pencil and gouache on frosted cel



Inuit: Glimpses of an Arctic Past

Non-fiction book
Authors: David Morrison and Georges-Hébert Germain
Illustrations: Frédéric Back
Published by Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa, 1995, 159 pages

Synopsis

A non-fiction book built around a fictional character, it presents in eight chapters in the daily life of the Inuit. The text by David Morrison is enhanced by some thirty illustrations by Frédéric Back and numerous early photographs taken by New Zealand anthropologist Diamond Jenness between 1913 and 1916. From building an igloo to making clothing and hunting implements, we see the ingenuity and courage of 23 Inuit peoples as they confront the harsh climate of the far North. We also glimpse the private world of their values, spirituality and communal way of life.

Background

Frédéric Back's son Francis is an illustrator who specializes in historical reconstructions and storyboards for film. Occasionally, a tight deadline means he turns to his father for help, which is what happened on Inuit: Glimpses of an Arctic Past. As he began working on the illustrations for the scenes from daily life, different hunting techniques, and the tools and clothing of the various groups, Frédéric Back fell in love with the topic and used the opportunity to find out more about it. With his usual concern for historical accuracy and realism, he based his drawings on the many archival documents his son had collected.

Technique

Frédéric Back employed the same technique here as he had in his animated films, using pastel on paper for the backgrounds, with overlays of frosted cels on which he drew the details in coloured pencil and occasionally gouache. The black and white illustrations are done with black grease pencil.